Friday, 6 September 2013

[karachi-Friends] 10 Chemical Weapons Attacks Washington Doesn’t Want You to Talk About

10 Chemical Weapons Attacks Washington Doesn't Want You to Talk About


Policymic

Washington doesn't merely lack the legal authority for a military intervention in Syria. It lacks the moral authority. We're talking about a government with a history of using chemical weapons against innocent people far more prolific and deadly than the mere accusations Assad faces from a trigger-happy Western military-industrial complex, bent on stifling further investigation before striking.

10 Chemical Weapons Attacks Washington Doesn't Want You to Talk About

Here is a list of 10 chemical weapons attacks carried out by the U.S. government or its allies against civilians.

1. The U.S. Military Dumped 20 Million Gallons of Chemicals on Vietnam from 1962 – 1971
10, chemical, weapons, attacks, washington, doesnt, want, you, to, talk, about,
Via: AP

During the Vietnam War, the U.S. military sprayed 20 million gallons of chemicals, including the very toxic Agent Orange, on the forests and farmlands of Vietnam and neighboring countries, deliberately destroying food supplies, shattering the jungle ecology, and ravaging the lives of hundreds of thousands of innocent people. Vietnam estimates that as a result of the decade-long chemical attack, 400,000 people were killed or maimed, 500,000 babies have been born with birth defects, and 2 million have suffered from cancer or other illnesses. In 2012, the Red Cross estimated that one million people in Vietnam have disabilities or health problems related to Agent Orange.

2. Israel Attacked Palestinian Civilians with White Phosphorus in 2008 – 2009
10, chemical, weapons, attacks, washington, doesnt, want, you, to, talk, about,
Via: AP

White phosphorus is a horrific incendiary chemical weapon that melts human flesh right down to the bone.

In 2009, multiple human rights groups, including Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International, and International Red Cross reported that the Israeli government was attacking civilians in their own country with chemical weapons. An Amnesty International team claimed to find "indisputable evidence of the widespread use of white phosphorus" as a weapon in densely-populated civilian areas. The Israeli military denied the allegations at first, but eventually admitted they were true.

After the string of allegations by these NGOs, the Israeli military even hit a UN headquarters(!) in Gaza with a chemical attack. How do you think all this evidence compares to the case against Syria? Why didn't Obama try to bomb Israel?

3. Washington Attacked Iraqi Civilians with White Phosphorus in 2004
10, chemical, weapons, attacks, washington, doesnt, want, you, to, talk, about,
Via: AP

In 2004, journalists embedded with the U.S. military in Iraq began reporting the use of white phosphorus in Fallujah against Iraqi insurgents. First the military lied and said that it was only using white phosphorus to create smokescreens or illuminate targets. Then it admitted to using the volatile chemical as an incendiary weapon. At the time, Italian television broadcaster RAI aired a documentary entitled, "Fallujah, The Hidden Massacre," including grim video footage and photographs, as well as eyewitness interviews with Fallujah residents and U.S. soldiers revealing how the U.S. government indiscriminately rained white chemical fire down on the Iraqi city and melted women and children to death.

4. The CIA Helped Saddam Hussein Massacre Iranians and Kurds with Chemical Weapons in 1988
10, chemical, weapons, attacks, washington, doesnt, want, you, to, talk, about,

CIA records now prove that Washington knew Saddam Hussein was using chemical weapons (including sarin, nerve gas, and mustard gas) in the Iran-Iraq War, yet continued to pour intelligence into the hands of the Iraqi military, informing Hussein of Iranian troop movements while knowing that he would be using the information to launch chemical attacks. At one point in early 1988, Washington warned Hussein of an Iranian troop movement that would have ended the war in a decisive defeat for the Iraqi government. By March an emboldened Hussein with new friends in Washington struck a Kurdish village occupied by Iranian troops with multiple chemical agents, killing as many as 5,000 people and injuring as many as 10,000 more, most of them civilians. Thousands more died in the following years from complications, diseases, and birth defects.

5. The Army Tested Chemicals on Residents of Poor, Black St. Louis Neighborhoods in The 1950s
10, chemical, weapons, attacks, washington, doesnt, want, you, to, talk, about,

In the early 1950s, the Army set up motorized blowers on top of residential high-rises in low-income, mostly black St. Louis neighborhoods, including areas where as much as 70% of the residents were children under 12. The government told residents that it was experimenting with a smokescreen to protect the city from Russian attacks, but it was actually pumping the air full of hundreds of pounds of finely powdered zinc cadmium sulfide. The government admits that there was a second ingredient in the chemical powder, but whether or not that ingredient was radioactive remains classified. Of course it does. Since the tests, an alarming number of the area's residents have developed cancer. In 1955, Doris Spates was born in one of the buildings the Army used to fill the air with chemicals from 1953 – 1954. Her father died inexplicably that same year, she has seen four siblings die from cancer, and Doris herself is a survivor of cervical cancer.

6. Police Fired Tear Gas at Occupy Protesters in 2011
10, chemical, weapons, attacks, washington, doesnt, want, you, to, talk, about,

The savage violence of the police against Occupy protesters in 2011 was well documented, and included the use of tear gas and other chemical irritants. Tear gas is prohibited for use against enemy soldiers in battle by the Chemical Weapons Convention. Can't police give civilian protesters in Oakland, California the same courtesy and protection that international law requires for enemy soldiers on a battlefield?

7. The FBI Attacked Men, Women, and Children With Tear Gas in Waco in 1993
10, chemical, weapons, attacks, washington, doesnt, want, you, to, talk, about,

At the infamous Waco siege of a peaceful community of Seventh Day Adventists, the FBI pumped tear gas into buildings knowing that women, children, and babies were inside. The tear gas was highly flammable and ignited, engulfing the buildings in flames and killing 49 men and women, and 27 children, including babies and toddlers. Remember, attacking an armed enemy soldier on a battlefield with tear gas is a war crime. What kind of crime is attacking a baby with tear gas?

8. The U.S. Military Littered Iraq with Toxic Depleted Uranium in 2003
10, chemical, weapons, attacks, washington, doesnt, want, you, to, talk, about,
Via: AP

In Iraq, the U.S. military has littered the environment with thousands of tons of munitions made from depleted uranium, a toxic and radioactive nuclear waste product. As a result, more than half of babies born in Fallujah from 2007 – 2010 were born with birth defects. Some of these defects have never been seen before outside of textbooks with photos of babies born near nuclear tests in the Pacific. Cancer and infant mortality have also seen a dramatic rise in Iraq. According to Christopher Busby, the Scientific Secretary of the European Committee on Radiation Risk, "These are weapons which have absolutely destroyed the genetic integrity of the population of Iraq." After authoring two of four reports published in 2012 on the health crisis in Iraq, Busby described Fallujah as having, "the highest rate of genetic damage in any population ever studied."

9. The U.S. Military Killed Hundreds of Thousands of Japanese Civilians with Napalm from 1944 – 1945
10, chemical, weapons, attacks, washington, doesnt, want, you, to, talk, about,

Napalm is a sticky and highly flammable gel which has been used as a weapon of terror by the U.S. military. In 1980, the UN declared the use of napalm on swaths of civilian population a war crime. That's exactly what the U.S. military did in World War II, dropping enough napalm in one bombing raid on Tokyo to burn 100,000 people to death, injure a million more, and leave a million without homes in the single deadliest air raid of World War II.

10. The U.S. Government Dropped Nuclear Bombs on Two Japanese Cities in 1945
10, chemical, weapons, attacks, washington, doesnt, want, you, to, talk, about,

Although nuclear bombs may not be considered chemical weapons, I believe we can agree they belong to the same category. They certainly disperse an awful lot of deadly radioactive chemicals. They are every bit as horrifying as chemical weapons if not more, and by their very nature, suitable for only one purpose: wiping out an entire city full of civilians. It seems odd that the only regime to ever use one of these weapons of terror on other human beings has busied itself with the pretense of keeping the world safe from dangerous weapons in the hands of dangerous governments.




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{Kantakji Group}. Add '12053' نقود من غير فوائد



(منقول)

نقود من غير فوائد أو تضخم 
مترجم باختصار من كتاب مارغريت كينيدي: نقود من غير فوائد و بلا تضخم- 
 
لاحظ سيلفيو غيزيل، و هو تاجر ناجح تنقل بين ألمانيا و الأرجنتين، أنه يتمكن من بيع بضاعته في بعض الأحايين بشكل سريع و بأسعار مرتفعة، و في أحايين أخرى يستغرق بيعها،و إن كانت بأسعار منخفضة، وقتا طويلا. سرعان ما أدرك أن هذا التقلب ليس مرتبطا بحاجة الناس و لا بجودة بضاعته!
قادته الملاحظة إلى أن سعر الفائدة المنخفض؛ يصاحبه إقبال الناس على الشراء، و أن الفائدة المرتفعة؛ يلازمها امتناع الناس عن الشراء.
 
السبب في تأرجح المعروض من النقد ارتفاعا و انخفاضا؛ يرجع إلى رغبة أصحاب رؤوس المال في الإقراض من عدمها. عندما يكون العائد الربوي دون 2.5%؛ فإن المقرضين يحجمون عن الإقراض مما يؤدي إلى توقف الاستثمارات و يتبع ذلك حالات إفلاس و ندرة في فرص العمل المتاحة. و عند استعداد 
الناس لدفع فوائد أكبر على ما يقترضون؛ فإن النقود تصير متاحة مرة أخرى، و تبدأ دورة اقتصادية جديدة.

و هكذا- في البداية تكون أسعار الفائدة مرتفعة مما يُفضي إلى رفع أسعار السلع، و لكن، و تدريجيا، فإن ازدياد المعروض من النقود يقود معدلات الفائدة نحو الهبوط و هو ما يشكل في نهاية الأمر "ضربة" لرأس المال.
 
وفقا لسيلفيو جيزيل فإن المال، و بخلاف غيره من السلع و الخدمات، يمكن أن يُحفظ (يدخر) دون تكلفة تذكر. إذا كان عند الأول تفاح و عند الثاني نقود يشتري بها ذلك التفاح، فإن صاحب التفاح مضطر لبيع تفاحه خلال فترة زمنية وجيزة (نوعا ما) و إلا فقد (فسد) رأس ماله. و بالمقابل فإن صاحب النقود يستطيع الانتظار إلى أن تتحسن الأسعار حيث أن ادخار النقود لا يلحقه تكلفة أو رسوم.
 
خلُص جيزيل إلى أننا إذا قمنا بإنشاء نظام نقدي يضع النقود على قدم المساواة مع غيرها من السلع و المنتوجات فإننا نستطيع بناء اقتصاد حر يخلو من حالات الصعود (الانتعاش) و الهبوط (الركود). اقترح جيزيل فرض رسوم سنوية على النقود.
فيما يذهب عائد الفائدة في الوقت الحاضر إلى جيوب القطاع الخاص؛ فإن الرسوم على استخدام المال تذهب لصالح القطاع العام. يجب أن تُضخ العوائد من جديد حتى نحافظ على التوازن بين حجم النقود و حجم الأنشطة الاقتصادية. ستكون الرسوم بمثابة دخل للحكومة مما يعني تقليص ما سيتم جبايته من ضرائب لصالح الإنفاق العام.
 
النموذج الحقيقي الأول
قام محافظ بلدة نمساوية صغيرة تسمى "فورجل" بإقناع رجال الأعمال و الإداريين بأن هنالك الكثير ليكسبوه و ليس ثمة ما يخسروه إذا ما قاموا بتطبيق التجربة النقدية التي اقترحها سيلفيو جيزيل في كتابه "النظام الاقتصادي الطبيعي".
 
قام مجلس المدينة بين عامي 1932 و 1933 بإصدار 32,000 "شهادة عمل" أو شلنات بدون فوائد (الشلن هو عملة النمسا). جرت تغطية هذه الشهادات أو الشلنات اللاربوية عن طريق إيداع مبلغ مساو من الشيلنات النمساوية العادية في أحد البنوك. تم بناء الجسور و تحسين الطرق و الخدمات العامة و قاموابدفع الرواتب و شراء المواد و السلع عن طريق هذه العملة التي قبلها الجزار، الإسكافي (صانع الأحذية)، و الخباز.
كانت رسوم استخدام هذه النقود 1% شهريا أو 12% في السنة. هذه الرسوم يدفعها الشخص الذي يحمل العملة النقدية آخر الشهر في شكل طابع بقيمة 1% يلصق على ظهر العملة؛ و إلا اعتبرت العملة لاغية (لا قيمة لها).
 
دَفعت هذه الرسوم الصغيرة جميع الناس الذين دُفع لهم بالشلن اللاربوي إلى إنفاق ما عندهم قبل فقدانها لجزء من قيمتها عند انتهاء الشهر. هذا حفز الناس إلى أبعد من ذلك فصاروا يسددون مقدما ما عليهم من ضرائب بُغية ألا يدفعوا رسوم النقود الرمزية آخر الشهر. خلال عام واحد: تم تداول الشلن اللاربوي 463 مرة منتجا بذلك سلعا و خدمات بقيمة 14,816,000 شلن (463 * 32,000). تم تداول الشلن العادي في المقابل 21 مرة فقط.
 
في الوقت الذي قاست فيه معظم بلدان أوروبا تناقص فرص العمل؛ فإن معدل البطالة في "فورجل" انخفض بنسبة 25% في سنة واحدة. وبعد عام كان مجموع الرسوم (المفروضة لحفز الإنفاق) التي حصلت عليها الدولة 12% من قيمة المبلغ الكلي (أي: 3,840 شلنا). أُنفقت جميعها في الصالح العام.
 
عندما بدأت أكثر من 300 مجموعة في النمسا بالاهتمام بتبني هذا النموذج؛ شعر البنك النمساوي الوطني حينها بالخطر يهدد احتكاره للنقود. وقف البنك المركزي أمام مجلس المدينة و قام بمنع طباعة هذه النقود المحلية(الشلن اللاربوي). على الرغم من معركة امتدت إلى أن وصلت المحكمة النمساوية العليا، لم تتمكن البلدة الصغيرة "فورجل" و لا أي مجتمع في أوروبا من تكرار التجربة إلى يومنا هذا. أظهرت هذه التجربة أن القرار السياسي أكثر أهمية و خطورة من الجانب التقني.
 
قبل أن نختم المقال
للنقود اللاربوية ميزات نجملها في النقاط التالية:
˂القضاء على التضخم
˂ازدياد العدالة الاجتماعية حيث تتقلص الفوارق بين الأغنياء و الفقراء
˂ التقليل من نسب البطالة
˂انخفاض الأسعار و ذلك لانتزاع الفائدة من أسعار السلع و الخدمات
˂ و أخيرا طفرة اقتصادية يعقبها اقتصاد مستقر
 
كما كان الحال مع "فورجل"؛ فإنه من الممكن وجود نظامين ماليين يعملان جنبا إلى جنب في آن واحد. نستطيع الاحتفاظ بنظامنا المالي الراهن ثم نضم إليه نقودا جديدة حتى و إن كان ذلك في حدود مدينة أو إقليم صغير. إذا تم التعامل بهذه النقود الجديدة على صعيد الدولة بأكملها؛ فإن التجارة مع الدول الأجنبية ستبقى على وضعها الحالي.
 
في هذا النظام المالي الجديد، تكون المصارف ملزمة (كما هو حال الجميع) بتقديم النقود لمن يرغب بالحصول عليها. إذا كان عند المصارف ودائع من غير فوائد و لم تقم بإقراض النقود أو تحويلها إلى البنك المركزي؛ فستُلزم بدفع الرسوم. سيقترض الناس من غير فوائد و لكن يلزمهم دفع الرسوم المصرفية و علاوة (بدل) المخاطرة كما هو الحال مع البنوك التقليدية (2.5% من قيمة القرض في العادة).

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[karachi-Friends] Daily Qur'an & Hadith 07 Sep 2013 (30 Shawwal 1434)

English Translation of Al-Quran

[25].Surah Al-Furqan [The Criterion]

Ayat 22. On the Day they will see the angels, no glad tidings will there be for the Mujrimun (criminals, disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, etc.) that day. And they (angels) will say: "All kinds of glad tidings are forbidden for you," [None will be allowed to enter Paradise except the one who said: La ilaha ill-Allah, "(none has the right to be worshipped but Allah) and acted practically on its legal orders and obligations].

[Tafseer] of Ayat 22. The Day of their death or the Day of Resurrection they see the angels ready to punish them for there sins,- no joy will there be to the sinners that Day: The (angels) will say: "There is a barrier forbidden (to you) altogether!" They will not be allowed to enjoy any of the felicity or peace which will be the normal state of the new world of Reality. Their own past will stand as a barrier to shut them off.    

English Translation of Hadith  

Hazrat Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah [SAWW](PBUH) said, "The (Hell) Fire is surrounded with all kinds of desires and passions, while Jannah is surrounded with adversities.''

[Muslim Book 40, Chapter 01, Hadith # 6779].

Lesson : as mentioned above in Surah Al-Furqan Ayat 22."they will see the angels, no glad tidings will there be for the Mujrimun" The way to Hell is littered with these evils. When a person crosses them, it is an indication that he has entered into Hell. On the other side exists a series of grief's and calamities, Islamic injunctions and obligations (the compliance with which is often irksome for man) impede his way to Jannah. When a person endures them with patience he, in fact, overcomes those obstacles and becomes eligible for Jannah.

 

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(Jazak Allah Khair) الله تعالی آپ کواعلی درجات اور آسانیاں عطا فرمائے
جزاكم الله خيرا وأحسن الجزاء في الدنيا والأخرة