Thursday, 15 August 2013

[PF:172438] Cleaning fruit


 

 
 
 
 

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[PF:172437] Japan - its culture




 
            Japan - its culture
 


 
1 -  Japanese children clean their schools every day for a quarter of an hour with teachers, which... led to the emergence of a Japanese generation who is modest and keen on cleanliness.

2
Japanese citizen who have a dog must carry bag and special bags to pick up dog droppings. Hygiene and their eagerness to address cleanliness is part of Japanese ethics.

3 -  Hygiene worker in Japan is called "health engineer" and can command salary of USD 5000 to 8000 per month, and a cleaner is subjected to written and oral tests!!

4 -  Japan does not have any natural resources, and they are
exposed to hundreds of earthquakes a year but do not prevent her from becoming the second largest economy in the world? -

5 -  Hiroshima returned to what it was economically vibrant before the fall of the atomic bomb in just ten years?

6 -  Japan prevents the use of mobile in trains, restaurants and indoor

7 -  Japan students from the first to sixth primary year must learn ethics in dealing with people -

8 -  Japanese even though one of the richest people in the world but they do not have servants. The parents are responsible for the house and children -

9 -There is no examination from the first to the third primary level; because the goal of education is to instill concepts and character building, not just examination and indoctrination. -

10 -  If you go to a buffet restaurant in Japan you will notice people only eat as much as they need without any waste. No wasteful food.

11 - The rate of delayed trains in Japan is about 7 seconds per year!! They appreciate the value of time, very punctual to minutes and seconds

12 -.  children in schools brush their teeth (sterile) and clean their teeth after a meal at school; They maintain their health from an early age -

13 -  students take half an hour to finish their meals to ensure right digestion When asked about this concern, they said: These students are the future of Japan




 


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[PF:172436] Humour


 

They say that marriage makes a man dizzy, and it's true.
As soon as I got a wife, I lost my balance at the bank.


Men want 3 qualities in wives: Economist in kitchen, artist in home & devil in romance.
But they get artist in kitchen, devil in home & economist in Romance.


Q: Why do women live longer than men?
A: Shopping never causes heart attacks, but paying the bill does!


Before marriage: Roses are red, sky is blue. U r beautiful, I luv u.
After marriage: Roses are dead, I'm blue. U r my headache, one day I'll kill u.


Getting married is very much like going to a restaurant with friends.
You order what you want, and then when you see what the other person has, you wish you had ordered that.


Man: Is there any way for long life?
Dr : married.
Man: Will it help?
Dr : No, but the thought of long life will never come.


Why do couples hold hands during their wedding?
It's a formality just like two boxers shaking hands before the fight begins!


Wife: Darling, today is our anniversary, what should we do?
Husband: Let us stand in silence for 2 minutes.


What did the gangster's son tell his dad when he failed his examination?

'Dad, they questioned me for 3 hours, but I never told them anything!!'


A little boy went up to his father and asked : 'Dad, where did all of my intelligence come from?'
His father replied: 'Well, son, you must have gotten it from your mother, because I still have mine.'


Jimmy's teacher sent a note home to his mother, saying : 'Jimmy seems to be a very bright boy, but spends too much of his time thinking about girls.'
The mother wrote back the next day: 'If you find a solution, please advise. I have the same problem with his father!'



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[PF:172435] Mercedes S-Class . The best, most technologically advanced car you will ever drive

2014 Mercedes S-Class review: The best, most technologically advanced car you will ever drive

 
2014 Mercedes-Benz S-Class right 3/4

 

 

The 2014 Mercedes-Benz S-Class combines radar, cameras, and hundreds of LED lamps to provide a car that is a dream to drive, über-safe for occupants, and able to avoid jaywalking pedestrians and crossing traffic that darts in your path. Add streaming entertainment delivered through the car's integrated 3G telematics system delivered to four LCD displays, and you have the world's finest premium luxury sedan. The privilege of owning will cost you just under $100,000, more if you want options such as the hot stone massage seats, aromatherapy climate control, and the 24-speaker Burmester audio upgrade. Who says those stolid Germans don't know a thing or two about the luxe life?

The bottom line is that the Mercedes-Benz S-Class is not just the best premium luxury sedan on the market today, it is the best car you are ever likely to drive.

Front view 2014 Mercedes-Benz S-Class

Among Audi, BMW, Lexus and Mercedes-Benz, the mantle of best luxury car typically goes to whoever shipped most recently. That would be Mercedes with the sixth-generation S-Class arriving in September. Mercedes piled on so many new technical features that it's not a close decision. In a car with so much tech, the biggest challenge, no surprise, is making the richness of features readily accessible to the driver and passengers. On the ease-of-use front, I believe the wizards of Stuttgart are delivering a work in progress and they'll have to take their lumps from consumer magazines who expect a car with 100 microprocessors to be fully usable the first time you set foot in the cockpit.

Mercedes-Benz S-Klasse (W 222) 2013

Maximum driver assistance: Self-driving for 15 seconds

Stereo camera 2014 Mercedes-Benz S-ClassThe optional driver assistance package is a must-have if you love tech and advanced cars. It's the heart of what Mercedes calls Intelligent Drive. For the same price ($2,800) as adaptive cruise control was a decade ago, you now get a networked sensor array of radars and cameras for front, side, and rear assistance that avoids collisions and even drives the car for brief periods. Naturally there's the core functionality of stop-and-go adaptive cruise control, blind spot detection, and lane departure warning. That's the starting point. (Read: What is adaptive cruise control, and how does it work?)

The pair of optical cameras mounted a half-foot apart in the windshield mirror housing provide 3D vision to augment Mercedes' narrow-beam long range radar (out to 200 meters or 1,640 feet, equal to 18 seconds at 60 mph) and medium range wide-angle radar (200 meters or 650 feet). (Subaru also uses optical cameras for adaptive cruise control and pedestrian safety.) The 3D shaping of the optical cameras works to about 50 meters or 160 feet and can see in monovision to 500 meters or 1,640 feet. The 3D camera lets the car decide whether to key on lane markings or the car in front, and does a better job of detecting and traffic that darts across the front of the car. Here's how Intelligent Drive saves you as well as pedestrians and wayward traffic:

Hands-on-wheel warning 2014 Mercedes-Benz S-ClassAdaptive cruise with steering assist and stop & go pilot

In heavy traffic in stop & go mode up to 60 kph (37 mph), the sensor combo decides whether to track the lane markings or the car in front. On a crowded highway the camera might not always see the pavement markings.

Active lane keeping assist

Not only does the car warn if you're about to cross over a lane by steering wheel vibration (no noisy beeps), it senses if the adjacent lane is occupied. If so, the front wheel opposite the hazard is lightly braked to pivot the car back into lane. On my test drive, the car does better than that: It keeps the big Benz centered in the lane, although with the lightest touch on the electric power steering, you're in control. At highway speeds, adaptive cruise plus lane keeping assist equals a self-driving car. Mercedes knows this and limits you to about 10 seconds of hands-off driving, issues a warning (a chime and an instrument panel icon of blood red hands gripping the wheel) and five seconds later ACC deactivates. So long as you keep the lightest touch on the wheel, the car seems happy. It will handle curves of up to 15 degrees.

The new S-Class. Press Drive, Canada 2013, Die neue S-Klasse. Pressefahrvorstellung in Kanada, 2013Brake Assist Plus with cross traffic assist, Pre-Safe Brake with pedestrian detection, Pre-Safe Plus

Brake Assist Plus watches for crossing traffic (a car that ran a stop sign) or an oncoming car veers into your lane; it warns you with audiovisual signals, and once you apply the brakes, the car adds braking pressure because too many drivers don't brake hard enough. Pre-Safe Brake detects pedestrians and stopped cars and applies the brakes, hard. Up to 50 kph or 31 mph, there will be no collision, Mercedes says, and up to 72 kph or 45 mph the collision will at least be mitigated.

I sat in on a series of tests with a Mercedes driver at the wheel; a pedestrian dummy crossed in front and the car slammed to a safe stop. In another test, a car swerved a few feet into our lane and our car moved to the right, but still in the travel lane (photo right). With Pre-Safe Plus, if the car's rear-facing radar detects a likely rear-end collision, it snugs the seat belts tight and if the car is standing still locks the brakes; on Benzes sold outside the US, the hazard lamps flash at high frequency.

Active parking assist

The car detects an open parking space suitable for parallel or back-in (mall) parking. Once you put the car in reverse, it automatically backs you in to the space. It can't park head in, yet, but Mercedes notes back-in parking reduces backing out collisions when you're done shopping.

All-LED lighting, better night vision

Never again will you pulled over for a defective tail lamp. Every bulb in the car is an LED that should last several lifetimes of the car. In total, the S-Class has almost 500 LEDs: up to 56 LEDs for each of the headlamps, up to 35 LEDs for each taillamp, four for the rear fog lamp, and about 300 for interior ambient lighting with seven color choices including blue (photo). In world markets, individual elements swivel and turn and can be masked to not shine at an oncoming car or the car in front of you. In the US, the headlamp as a unit can still swivel to follow the steering wheel. Going to LEDs cuts power consumption as well.

Cockpit with ambient lighting 2014 Mercedes-Benz S-Class

The lighting system teams up with Night View Assist Plus, the most current MB night vision system, which combines active (illuminated) and passive (heat detecting) infrared sensors. A black and white image appears in the cockpit as you drive. If sensors detect a human or animal on or near the road, the center of the instrument cluster pops up the night view display even if it wasn't already on, and puts a red rectangle around any animal or human it sees. Then one of the headlamp units swivels, aims at the human, and strobes or flashes the headlamp three times so you see the pedestrian — and so the pedestrian recognizes the potential danger. It won't flash an animal because their reaction is hard to predict, Mercedes says. With this combination, night vision rises from "nice to have if you're checking every options box" to "seriously useful safety tool." The downside remains: You're paying $2,260 to protect somebody you probably don't know.

Streaming music from the car, not your phone

Mercedes-Benz S-Klasse auf der Schwäbischen Alb 2013When a car has an on-board telematics module with a cellular modem, why not use that to stream audio, rather than tether your phone? That's how the S-Class will deliver online services including streaming audio. Everybody in the car gets a separate music or entertainment stream from a DVD player in the dash, a DVD changer above the center rear armrest, AM/FM/HD/satellite radio head unit, two USB jacks in the console with power to charge an iPad, leftover space on the 250GB navigation hard disk drive for ripped music files and Gracenote lookup, SD card slot, or streaming audio. The modem also provides WiFi that allows internet access for up to about 10 devices, other Mercedes in-dash apps, and 3D Google terrain maps to the navigation system.

Americans will be pleased to know we won't be hobbled by the entry-level audio system and its meager 10 speakers that are offered outside North America. Standard audio in the home of the Stand Your Ground and the Big Mac is a 13-speaker, 590-watt Burmester  system. The upgrade, Burmester again, is 24 speakers, 1540 watts, and $6,400. The two tweeters in the front door extend out 10mm (0.4 inches) when the system comes on. Burmester is a bespoke Berlin audio company that outfits only Porsche and now Mercedes.

The new S-Class. Press Drive, Canada 2013, Die neue S-Klasse. Pressefahrvorstellung in Kanada, 2013For watching, four LCD screens are available. In front are two 12.3-inch, 1440×540 TFT displays. The left screen is the instrument panel. In addition to the usual gauges, it can also display current-music information, a simplified navigation screen, or a target-seeking night vision image (more below). It flows into the center stack screen with only a narrow strip with a couple buttons separating them. The center display can be had with SplitView, its term for the Sharp LCD technology that angles separate full-screen images at the driver and passenger, the only cost being halved resolution: 720×540 for each viewing side, where pixels 1, 3, 5, etcetera face the driver and 2, 4, 6, etcetera face the passenger. That lets the front seat passenger watch a movie that the driver cannot see. The only obstacle is a couple of dumb state legislatures whose laws say a front seat display can't play video, as opposed to restricting a display to not being seen by the driver when the car moves. Dual rear seat displays measure 10.2 inches, 960×540.

Good not great 3G WiFi out in the hinterlands

In an early production car I drove with integrated cellular WiFi, we could maintain multiple internet connections but throughput was slow. Most likely it was where we tried: in Muskoka, Ontario, a lakes and resort district 125 miles north of Toronto with cell service although not a lot of it. But multiple WiFi connections in a car is not bleeding edge tech, so likely it will work most places. MB execs also hinted that the 3G telematics phone in the S-Class will yield to faster 4G in the future.

At the introduction, Mercedes-Benz did not announce pricing for Mbrace2 with streaming media. Pricing for Mbrace2 is currently tiered: $280 a year for the core safety tools plus, $240 for Mbrace Plus concierge service and traffic/weather, and $168 for Mercedes-Benz Apps that currently includes internet browsing, Google Local Search, Yelp, Facebook and News, but not streaming media, which could be a bandwidth hog if you stream a lot of music. Mbrace2 cars have an industry advantage: Updates are sent directly to the car. That would save Ford a lot of trouble every time they need to refresh Sync and MyFord Touch.

With apps embedded in the dash, Mercedes is stepping back from phone-based apps the car controls. The means you'd better like TuneIn because you can't control Aha, Pandora, MOG or Spotify from the car except by manipulating your phone directly. Over time, Mercedes probably needs to offer the services its buyers already use. The choice of TuneIn was partly because Mercedes wanted to offer a single app that was available in the most countries.

The feature called Magic Body Control — maybe "Spanx" was taken?

The features and options lists include some intriguing offerings. Most notable is Magic Body Control and, no, that is not what you wear under a slim-fitting outfit when you haven't been to the gym lately. Rather, MBC uses the stereo cameras to scan the road ahead for undulations and adjust each wheel's suspension to smooth the ride. A couple times we drove over a bump that was noticeable in the passenger compartment. Mercedes explained that it's for a series of similar bumps and not, say, a single frost heave or speed bump.

Executive seat 2014 Mercedes-Benz S-Class

Hot stone massage, climate control with active perfuming

Executive seat 2014 Mercedes-Benz S-ClassThis car has more seating variants than other cars have paint choices. Every seat can be heated and cooled; there is heating and then there's rapid heating; the cooling function sucks then blows. (Sorry.) For the first four minutes the seat-bottom fans draw air in to wick away moisture, then they reverse direction and blow air on your back side.

The Executive Seat package allows the right rear seat to recline 43.5 degrees instead of a mere 37 degrees for the package with reclining rear seats. With the executive package, the right front seat slides forward an extra three inches, a footrest pops up, and you're in business class. The front console continues all the way back, cupholders employ the Peltier effect to cool or warm beverages, and airline-style tray tables pop up from the extended console. Mercedes says it's a one-hand job; I saw an MB exec (not in the trays and seats department) who struggled mightily for almost a minute to get it back into place.

The massage functions include a quote hot stone massage. Air bladders inflate to emulate a touch point and that area heats up rapidly. It's quite convincing except once the bladder deflates, the heat doesn't immediately dissipate. Still, a 45-minute segment in the executive seat with my feet up, someone else driving, me tinkering with the entertainment sources, and the massager at work, was as comfortable as I've ever spent lounging in a car.

Perfumed air for $350 sounds like overkill unless you live in a polluted city or on a dairy farm. The air balance package filters and ionizes the air and injects a scented undertone – sports, nightlife, fireside or downtown mood – into the car that is quite subtle and doesn't appear to linger on your clothes. On a $100K car, this is petty cash.

The new S-Class. Press Drive, Canada 2013, Die neue S-Klasse. Pressefahrvorstellung in Kanada, 2013

Hands-on with the S-Class

Comand controller 2014 Mercedes-Benz S-ClassWhen I drove the S-Class, the first thing I noticed was the quiet — quiet beyond any car I've ever driven before. The last time I heard less noise, or so it seemed, was in the Bose anechoic chamber. The second thing was the size of those side-by-side front displays: wondrously large and readable, and a huge improvement over the 7-inch center stack display in the flagship SUV, the Mercedes-Benz GL. The third thing was my delight at being able to lightly ungrip the steering wheel and watch the car track straight and true for 10-15 seconds at a time, longer if I gripped and ungripped the wheel every few seconds.

It's a big car at 201 inches long, 75 inches wide – same as the Cadillac Escalade give or take a couple of inches — but the circle of sensors makes the car feel smaller because it helps you stay in lane. There was plenty of power. The Comand cockpit control wheel was fairly easy to use: Press one of the Navi-Radio-Media-Tel buttons in front of the controller, then fine tune your selections with the Comand wheel. The Comand leather wrist rest slides away to expose a telephone keypad for dialing. You can also use voice commands as well. It takes a bit longer to master a cockpit control wheel than a touchscreen but after that the control wheel will be faster for most drivers.

Remote, iPhone infotainment app, 2014 Mercedes-Benz S-ClassThe biggest challenge while driving was the complexity of the infotainment and car control options. My co-driver and I found the air balance (fragrance) menu early on, and later spent several frustrating minutes trying to find where it was hiding the second time around. The adaptive cruise control stalk is hidden behind the steering below the turn signal and I managed to push a button that would not let the car go faster even when I stepped on the gas; call it unintended non-acceleration. (Tapping the brakes or pushing the ACC stalk to Off returned control until I stopped and read up on how to use ACC.) Similarly, the remote control that switches between left and right rear seat adjustments, or left and right infotainment menus, took some getting used to, as did the smartphone app for seats and infotainment. I'd call it a 50-50 problem: part is the fault of the all those features, part is the fault of early iterations of interface design. I suspect there'll be more revisions as MB gets feedback. I would wager that Mercedes will get dinged when Consumer Reports does its review, based on how Ford Sync and Cadillac CUE cars have fared with their newer, complex interfaces.

2014 Mercedes-Benz S-Class right 3/4

 

Should you buy?

There is no bad car among the full-size premium luxury sedans. The segment focuses on the S-Class, Audi A8, and BMW 7 Series, extends to cars in the general price bracket with less space (Maserati Quattroporte, Porsche Panamera) and down in price and possibly prestige (Acura RLX, Hyundai Equus, Jaguar XJ, Lexus LS). The buying choice might hinge on styling or exclusivity. If you can afford a $1,000 monthly lease payment, maybe $2,000 is possible and an entry Bentley or Rolls-Royce is do-able, especially pre-owned. Cadillac said it will not build a $100,000 halo car but Volkswagen just announced it's taking another stab at the US market with its premium VW Phaeton. (Phaeton 1.0 departed the US seven years ago when buyers realized you could get its sibling, the Audi A8, for the same money.)

The 2014 S-Class arrives first in September as the rear-drive, V8 Mercedes-Benz S550, followed in November with the 4Matic, all-wheel-drive, S550. Best guess is $95,000-$99,000 for the S550, another $3,000 for the all-wheel-drive model. That's $5,000-$15,000 more than BMW and Audi competitors, although a higher price in this category isn't always a terrible thing. Expect Mercedes to bring to the US within 1-2 years a six-cylinder diesel that gets real world highway economy beyond 35 mpg and a six-cylinder hybrid, both for about $1,000 less. With the diesel, the attraction in a high-end car is not so much saving a few bucks on fuel, but the ability to drive 700-800 miles between fill-ups. There will also be AMG models for more performance and exclusivity in the $140,000 range.

Mercedes-Benz S-Klasse (W 222) 2013

To get the real technical wizardry behind the S-Class, add $17,000. Start with the Premium 1 package at $4,500 that will be on most cars (and a required building block for other options): parking sensors, heated and ventilated front seats with massage, and keyless go. Add the surround view camera, $800. The driver assistance package, $4,500, takes the car from safe to ultra-safe with Distronic Plus (stop and go adaptive cruise control), blind spot detection, active lane keeping assist (self-steering), front and rear collision mitigation system. Night view assist plus is $2,260. The split view center front display runs $710. Magic body control is $4,450. Other Mercedes-Benzes have some of these features, including the midsize E-Class, but not all of them.

For ultimate comfort, there's the air balance package, $350, with perfume, filtration, and ionization. Warmth comfort, $2,350, warms and cools the rear seats, heats the front and rear armrests, heats the steering wheel. The premium Burmester 3D sound system is $6,400. Rear seat entertainment runs $2,650.

For the executive seating in back, you need the rear seat package, $3,000, with active seat belt buckles and airbags in the belt webbing and an electric footrest on the right rear side. The executive seat package that reclines 43.5 degrees adds $3,500. Folding tables in back and two- not three-person seating adds $1,950.

With Designo (de-zeen-yo) premium leather seating, a sport package, and a refrigerator box in back, and all the other options, the sticker price will be in the neighborhood of $150,000. One reason for the fully optioned S-Class is to fill the niche left by the $400,000 Maybach, a sibling brand that sold about 3,000 vehicles in the past 15 years.

As to whether you should consider the new S-Class: If you want the most technology, safety, entertainment and passenger comfort in one car, the S-Class is the clear way to go. At the same time, the sixth generation W222 of 2014 looks not unlike the fifth generation W221 S-Class of 2005-2013. If you do buy, commit yourself to mastering the features and technologies of the navigation, infotainment and seating systems. If you don't, you'll whine about the car being too hard to use. As with MyFord Touch and Cadillac CUE, the richness and complexity of technology means the driver must prove himself worthy of the car's many features. That's not the way it should be, but that's the way it is with the very best car ever made — so far.

Stereo camera 2014 Mercedes-Benz S-Class
Front view 2014 Mercedes-Benz S-Class
Executive seat 2014 Mercedes-Benz S-Class

Remote, iPhone infotainment app, 2014 Mercedes-Benz S-Class
Executive seat 2014 Mercedes-Benz S-Class
Distronic Plus2014 Mercedes-Benz S-Class

The new S-Class. Press Drive, Canada 2013, Die neue S-Klasse. Pressefahrvorstellung in Kanada, 2013
Comand controller 2014 Mercedes-Benz S-Class
Mercedes-Benz S-Klasse (W 222) 2013

Taillamp LEDs 2014 Mercedes-Benz S-Class
The new S-Class. Press Drive, Canada 2013, Die neue S-Klasse. Pressefahrvorstellung in Kanada, 2013
The new S-Class. Press Drive, Canada 2013, Die neue S-Klasse. Pressefahrvorstellung in Kanada, 2013

Mercedes-Benz S-Klasse auf der Schwäbischen Alb 2013
Cockpit with ambient lighting 2014 Mercedes-Benz S-Class
Dual 12" LCDs 2014 Mercedes-Benz S-Class

Hands-on-wheel warning 2014 Mercedes-Benz S-Class
The new S-Class. Press Drive, Canada 2013, Die neue S-Klasse. Pressefahrvorstellung in Kanada, 2013
Back seats 2014 Mercedes-Benz S-Class

The new S-Class. Press Drive, Canada 2013, Die neue S-Klasse. Pressefahrvorstellung in Kanada, 2013
Mercedes-Benz S-Klasse (W 222) 2013
Mercedes-Benz S-Klasse auf der Schwäbischen Alb 2013

2014 Mercedes-Benz S-Class right 3/4
Mercedes-Benz S 400 HYBRID (W 222) 2013
MID infotainment info 2014 Mercedes-Benz S-Class

Mercedes-Benz S-Klasse auf der Schwäbischen Alb 2013
 
 
 
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[PF:172434] 10th Shawwal al-Mukarram | Birthday of AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida al-Qadiri Radi Allahu Anhu

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The Mujaddid of the 14th Century is Mawlana al-Haaj al-Hafidh al-Qari Muhammad Ahmad Rida Khan al-Qadri al-Barkati al-Baraylwi Radi Allahu Ta'ala 'Anhu. He was born in the town of Bareilly [northern Indian state of U.P.) at the time of Duhr prayer on 10th Shawwal, 1272 AH and demised on 25th Safar, 1340 AH. He was named Muhammad and a historic name of al-Mukhtar (1272 AH) was given to him. Due to his fervent love for the Messenger şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam; Imām Ahmad Rida would write Abdul Mustafa before his name. He was a master of Abjad and he deduced his year of birth from the verse of the Holy Qur'ān: These are they in whose hearts Allah has inscribed faith and helped them with a spirit from Himself. [58:22] 
 
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Education and Upbringing

His initial education was taught by (1) Mirza Qadir Baig al-Baraylwī (d. 1297 AH) and he completed his education with his father, (2) Mawlana Naqī Alī Khan al-Baraylwī. He also took knowledge of Islam and Ijazahs in Hadīth from the following scholars:

1. Mawlana Abdul Ali Khan Rampurī (d. 1303 AH) – student of 'Allama Fazle Haq Khairabadī
2. Shah Abu'l Husain Ahmad al-Nūrī Marehrawī (d. 1324 AH) – student of Mawlana Nūr Ahmad Badayunī
3. Shah Aale Rasūl Marehrawī (d. 1297 AH) – student of Shah Abdul Azīz Muhaddith Dihlawī (d. 1239 AH)


Imam Ahmad Rida went to Shah Aale Rasūl Marehrawī Radi Allahu Ta'ala 'anhu along with his father and 'Allama Abdul Qadir Badayunī (d. 1319 AH) who was the son of 'Allama Fazle Rasūl Badayunī (d. 1289 AH). During their very first meeting, Imām Ahmad Rida was granted Bay'ah, Ijazah and Khilafah. Upon seeing this extraordinary event, some of the disciples of Shah Aale Rasūl exclaimed that they had been busy in worship and spiritual training for such a long time yet had not received the same benevolence. Shah Aale Rasūl answered this query by saying: "Others have to be trained whilst these people came already trained". He then said:

 
"I was worried for a long time over a problem, but, by the grace of Allah, today that issue has been resolved. When Allah asks me on the day of Judgement, "Oh Aale Rasūl! What have you bought with you?" I will then present my Ahmad Rida".

4. Imām al-Shafi'iyah Shaykh Husain Salih (d. 1302 AH)
5. Mufti Hanafiya Shaykh Abdur Rahman Siraj (d. 1301 AH)
6. Mufti Shafi'iyah Shaykh Ahmad bin Zayn Dahlan (d. 1299 AH) – Qadi al-Quddat, Makkah


His Knowledge

Imām Ahmad Rida specialised in over fifty branches of knowledge including: Tafsīr, Hadīth, Fiqh, Usūl al-Fiqh, 'Aqaid and Kalam, Tasawwuf, Nahw, Sarf, History, Logic, Philosophy, Astronomy, Astrology and Mathematics.

Imām Ahmad Rida lived for 28 years, 2 months and 5 days in the 13th century, in which he gained recognition due to his efforts in writing and research, teaching and sermons; and he lived for 39 years, 1 month and 25 days of the 14th century, which he spent in holding up the flag of Islam, refuting the innovators, promoting the truth and fighting against falsehood. He supported the Sunnah and challenged the Bid'ah. Whenever and howsoever he possibly could, he used his knowledge to promote the Sharī'āh and refute all types of falsehood – and in doing so – he did not let anything stop him including any important personalities. He never craved fame and praise nor did he care what people said against him as long as he spoke the truth.

He was given such a brilliant mind that he completed his religious education at the age of 13 years and 10 months. He is amongst the greatest Hadith scholars of his age and in Fiqh, the whole of the 14th century did not produce a jurist to his like. Hence, 'Allama Iqbal pays tribute to his juristic brilliance thus:

Hindustan did not produce such a genius Faqīh as him. I have read his fatawa and they are proof of his extraordinary intellect. When Mawlana forms an opinion; he sticks to it. This is because he only decrees a ruling after careful thought. Hence, there is never any need to change any ruling.

Imām Ahmad Rida was also a poet par excellence. His collection of religious poetry, Hada'iq-e-Bakhshish, has received praise by hundreds of poets, researchers, critics and scholars. There have also been Ph.D. theses that have been completed on his poetry.

He was also a master of ancient and modern philosophy. This can be seen from books of his such as al-Kalimatu'l Mulhima, Nuzul-e-Ayaat-e-Furqan and Fauz-e-Mubeen. As for his acumen relating to secular sciences, his answer to Sir Dr. Ziauddin's mathematical problem is proof enough. Sir Ziauddin, vice chancellor of Muslim University, Aligarh, was sent to Imām Ahmad Rida by Mawlana Sayyid Sulayman Ashraf. Mufti Burhan Ul-Haq was eye-witness to this event and said:

 
Dr. Ziauddin came outside and addressed Sayyid Sulaiman Ashraf and said that it is doubtful that such a fine scholar is alive today. Allah has given him such knowledge that my mind is baffled. Alongside religious knowledge, he has such plentiful knowledge of mathematics, algebra and geometry that he solved that problem in a matter of minutes that I could not solve in weeks. He is certainly worthy of a Nobel Prize but he is not hungry for fame. May Allah grant him a long life and may He let people benefit from him. [1]

Imām Ahmad Rida possessed a very powerful memory. He himself says that some people who are not well acquainted with me write Hafidh with my name. I am not a Hafidh but when I hear someone recite a part of the Holy Qur'ān, I can then repeat the same part back to them. When he did memorise the whole Qur'ān, it only took him a month where he would memorise one chapter a day between 'Asr and Maghrib.

He was also able to read very quickly and retain what he had read. He borrowed 'Uqud ad-Dariya from Mawlana Wasī Ahmad Muhaddith Surati and managed to read the two-volume work in one day. When asked what he would do when he needed to quote from the book, he replied that the contents of the book were now in his mind for ever.

 
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His mastery of Fiqh

It is normally the case that scholars begin to pen their works after they have graduated from their religious education. However, Imām Ahmad Rida is amongst those scholars who began to author books during their student days. He began to issue judicial verdicts the very day he graduated and the very first fatwa he ever decreed was so well researched and comprehensive that his father, Mawlana Naqī Ali Khan - himself a renowned Mufti of his era - was astounded. Imām Ahmad Rida began writing fatawa at the tender age of 13 years and 10 months and continued this till his demise in 1340 AH – a total of 54 years.

It is unfortunate that some of his earlier fatawa could not be kept safe. Those that remain have been gathered in the form of al-'Ataya al-Nabawiya fi al-Fatawa al-Ridawiyah. They cover 12 volumes, each of 900-1000 pages. Finding such a voluminous fatwa work is rare and the research qualities of Imām Ahmad Rida can be seen throughout the work. The fatawa have been a source of reference for the Hanafi School ever since they were written.

The total number of monographs and books written by him number around 1000 that cover over 50 subject areas. By 1887, at the age of 30 years, he had already written 75 books and treatises and by 1909, at the age of 43 years, this number had increased to approximately 500.

As is evident, Imām Ahmad Rida did write a lot of books but what must be noted is that the quantity of books is not what makes Imām Ahmad Rida great; it is the quality of each one that makes him great. In many cases, one page written by Imām Ahmad Rida is more valuable than whole books of other scholars.

His excellence in Fiqh can be seen from the number of references he cites for each issue. Some examples of this are seen below:

 
1. Can the Janazah prayer be repeated? Imām Ahmad Rida compiled a monograph on this matter and dealt with the issue by segregating it into 10 categories. He cited 207 references and at another place also gathered 40 other references of Hadith and books of Fiqh.

2. Can the Awliya hear and assist after their demise? He answered this by compiling a lengthy monograph named Hayat al-Mawat fi Bayani Sama'il Amwat. He first cited 60 ahadith and then gathered 200 sayings of the Sahaba, Tabi'in and then gathered a further 100 references of those scholars that are revered by the Wahābīs. Not just this, he then compiled another 150 page book on this issue.

3. He was asked about making Dū'ā after Salah. He cited one verse of the Holy Qur'ān and then presented a hadîth from 10 different books whereas Mawlana Abdul Haleem Farangi Mahalli only presented one hadîth as his answer and Molvi Muhammad Nazeer Husain, the leader of the Ahle Hadith, also only managed one hadîth.

4. Abiding by times of Salah is compulsory and joining prayers is impermissible. He wrote a monograph on this issue named Hajiz al-Bahrain in which he presented 7 verses of the Holy Qur'ān and 36 ahadīth from famous books of Hadīth.

5. The famous Hadith scholar of the age, 'Allama Wasī Ahmad Muhaddith Surati, asked Imām Ahmad Rida a question regarding the 'Imaama . The latter gathered 40 ahadith on the blessings of the 'Imaama and also their references. Muhaddith Surati also questioned about a Hadīth that some claimed was weak. Imām Ahmad Rida replied in a way that all allegations were refuted.

Other aspects of his superlative knowledge of Fiqh can be seen from his answers to perennial issues. For example, when the issue of currency notes arose, the scholars were baffled. Even the Hanafi Mufti of Makkah, Mawlana Jamal bin Abdullah, was unable to provide a comprehensive answer and left it by saying:

العلم امانة في اعناق العلما

It is a favour upon the whole Muslim ummah that Imām Ahmad Rida answered the question with utmost clarity. When he went to his second Hajj in 1323 AH, news of the brilliance of al-Dawlah al-Makkiyah had spread far and wide. Hence, the scholars took advantage of his visit and asked 12 questions about currency notes. Imām Ahmad Rida wrote Kifl al-Faqih al-Fahim and when he went to the library of Haram on 4th Safar 1324 AH, he found the Mufti-e-Hanafiya, Mawlana Abdullah bin Siddiq, reading Kifl al-Faqih and when he reached the point where Imām Ahmad Rida had cited Fath al-Qadir­ which said that: If a man wishes to sell a piece of paper for Rs. 1000, then this is permissible; the Mufti was shocked and whilst hitting his thigh he exclaimed: "Jamal bin Abdullah, how did you miss such a clear evidence?" By saying this, the current Mufti was addressing the Mufti of old .

Imām Ahmad Rida was a great Faqīh because he was able to convey what Fuqaha before him had researched in their own books but he was also able to add his own research to issues. For example, Fatawa Ridawiyah has 311 points on Tayammum whereas previous works of Fiqh have 72. The additional 239 points have been derived by Imām Ahmad Rida himself.

 
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His Mastery of Hadīth

For one to be a Muhaddith; it is not necessary to be a Faqīh but to be a Faqīh, one must be a Muhaddith and Imām Ahmad Rida was an undisputed Imām of Fiqh. He had a vast knowledge of Hadīth and its related sciences including Turuq, Nasikh and Mansūkh, Rajih and Marjūh, Tatbīq and Rijal. Sayyid Muhammad Muhaddith Kachochawi writes:

 
His knowledge of Hadīth can be seen by the fact that all the ahadīth that are the foundation of the Hanafi School were in his memory and those ahadith by which the Hanafi school is challenged; Imām Ahmad Rida knew the weaknesses of their Sanad and the meanings of all of them. The knowledge of Asma' al-Rijal is the most difficult science of Hadīth; however, if any Sanad was recited before Imām Ahmad Rida and he was asked about any narrator, he would mention the strengths and weaknesses of each narrator with specific words and when the books of Rijal were checked, those exact words were found therein. [2]

Concerning the etiquettes of Takhrīj al-Hadīth, Imām Ahmad Rida wrote a monograph named al-Rawd al-Baheej fi Adab al-Takhreej. Mawlana Rahman Ali writes about this work:

 
If there is no book before this on this topic, then the writer can be called the inventor of this science. [3]

Sayyid Muhammad Muhaddith Kachochawi once asked his teacher, Mawlana Sayyid Wasī Ahmad Muhaddith Surati: "Was the rank of Imam Ahmad Raza the same as yours in the field of Hadith?" The latter replied, "Not at all, not at all". He then said, "Do you understand what I mean by this? Imām Ahmad Rida is Amīr al-Mu'minīn fi'l Hadīth and if I study Hadīth at his feet for many years, I will still not reach his rank".

Imām Ahmad Rida was once questioned about how many books of Hadīth he had studied. He replied with the names of 29 books and said that he had studied over 50 books of Hadīth. Moreover, when one researcher studied 356 books of Imām Ahmad Rida, he found citations therein from not just 50 books but 240 books of Hadīth. As mentioned, these 240 books are mentioned in just 356 of his books whereas he has authored approximately 1000 books; hence, this number is likely to be much greater.

Many a time, for only one hadîth, he cites up to 25 references. He wrote 45 books specifically on Hadīth and when answering questions, he would cite extensively from the books of Hadīth. A few examples are given:

· Is it allowed to refer to Sayyidinā Rasūlullah şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam as 'the remover of difficulties'? Answering this, Imām Ahmad Rida wrote al-Amnu wa'l 'Ula wherein he proved his motif by presenting 60 verses and 300 ahadith.

Some Wahabis denied the fact that Sayyidinā Rasūlullah şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam is the best of creation. Imām Ahmad Rida answered this fallacious claim by gathering 100 ahadith and named this monograph Tajalli al-Yaqeen bi Anna Nabiyyina Sayyida'l Mursaleen.

· When asked about having a feast to remove the difficulties of famine and smallpox, Imām Ahmad Rida presented 60 ahadith to show its permissibility.

· Whilst burying the nonsensical claim of Prophethood by Mirza Qadiani, Imām Ahmad Rida wrote a monograph wherein he presented 121 ahadith which demolished Mirza's claim.

· On the issue of the second Adhan for Jumu'ah, Imām Ahmad Rida wrote Shama'im al-Anbar in Arabic in which he gathered 45 ahadith.

· Regarding the hearing of the dead, he presented 60 ahadith.

· On the creation of Angels, he cited 24 ahadith.

· About dyeing the hair, he presented 16 ahadith.

· Regarding Mu'aniqa , he cited 16 ahadith.

· On the importance of the beard, he gathered 56 ahadith.

· On the rights of parents, he presented 91 ahadith.

· Regarding the impermissibility of the prostration of reverence, he put forward 70 ahadith.

· On intercession, he gathered 40 ahadith.

· On the issue of pictures, he cited 27 ahadith.

His Knowledge of Tafsīr

Though he did not compile a single Tafsīr of the whole Qur'ān; he did compile numerous works that relate to Tafsīr. He wrote marginalia to books of Tafsīr and when he did write a commentary of just one Surah – Surah ad-Duha – he wrote 600 pages. Glimpses of majestic knowledge of Tafsīr can be seen in numerous works of his.

His Translation of the Holy Qur'ān

One of his most outstanding works is his translation of the Holy Qur'ān into Urdu which he named Kanzu'l Iman fi Tarjamatu'l Qur'ān which is unique and unparalleled in every sense. Each and every line of this translation gives glimpses of the beauty of the Holy Qur'ān and shows his mastery of the sciences of Tafsir. The translation takes into account the Glory of Allah and the perfection of His Messenger şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam; hence, it is free from the faults that are found in other translations.

 
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Hajj and visitation to the Sacred Sanctuaries

Imām Ahmad Rida performed Hajj twice – in 1295 AH and 1323 AH. His books al-Muneeratu'l Wadiya, al-Jaamu's Sunnah, Fatawa al-Haramayn, Husam al-Haramayn, al-Dawlah al-Makkiya and Kiflu'l Faqih al-Fahim are all masterpieces in the Arabic language that he compiled during his visits to the sacred lands. Some of these books have scores of taqaridh from the scholars of Haramayn. This shows that the views and beliefs of Imām Ahmad Rida were the same as those held by the scholars of the sacred lands.

Imām Ahmad Rida was loved by the scholars of Haramayn. Shaykh Karimullah Muhajir Madani [student of Shaykh al-Dala'il Muhammad Abdul Haq Muhajir Madani (d. 1333AH)] writes his account thus:

 
I have spent many years in Madina. Thousands of people of knowledge including scholars and mystics come here. They can be found in every street of the city and the locals do not pay much attention to them. However, I see that many great scholars flock towards him and continuously show their respect and reverence. This is the favour of Allah that He grants to whomsoever He wishes. [4]

The famous historian, Mawlana Rahman Ali, adds:
 
After Maghrib at the station of Ibrahim 'alaihis salam, Imam al-Shafi'iyah Husain bin Salih Jamalu'l Layl, without any introduction, grabbed the hand of Mawlana Ahmad Rida al-Baraylwī and looked at his face for a long time. He then said, اِنِّى لَاَجِدُ نُورَ اللّٰه مِن هٰذا الجَبيْن . He then granted him Ijazahs for both the Sihah Sitta and the Qadrī order with a special signature in which he named him as Ziauddin Ahmad. The sanad that he granted was unbroken till Imām Bukharī. [5]

Abu'l Hasan Ali Nadwi writes:
 
The scholars of Hijaz discussed some issues of Fiqh and Kalam with Imām Ahmad Rida and he wrote some monographs to present to them. He also answered some questions for them. His multitude of knowledge, speed of writing, acumen and intelligence left people amazed and astonished. [6]

The 'Ulama turn to Imām Ahmad Rida [Marja'ul 'Ulama]

Mawlana Waqaruddīn, the student of Mawlana Amjad Ali Aa'zmī, writes regarding the knowledge of Imām Ahmad Rida:

 
I taught at Madrasah Mazhar-e-Islam in Bareilly for approximately 9 years and was in charge of teaching the most advanced books. Whenever I came across any difficulty I would go to the library of Imām Ahmad Rida and look for the book within which I was having difficulty and would always find that Imam Ahmad Raza had written a marginalia in the book which solved my problem. I also found that those complex parts that are left alone by other commentators, Imām Ahmad Rida had written marginalia to even those.

Volumes 1-7 and 10-11 of Fatāwa Ridawiyyah contain a total of 4095 fatāwa. Out of this, 1061 are questions sent to Imām Ahmad Rida by other scholars. This shows that along with the general public, the scholars also turned to Imām Ahmad Rida to find solutions to their problems.

His refutation of Ahlu'l Bid'ah

Those who wished to challenge the greatness of Allah by attributing deficiencies to Him were refuted by Imām Ahmad Rida. He wrote Subhan al-Subbuh 'an 'Aybi Kadhibi al-Maqbuh and wrote another 5 monographs on the issue of Imkan-e-Kidhb. He also refuted those who believed in Allah having a body by compiling Qawari' al-Qahhar 'alal Mujassamatu'l Fujjar. Refuting ancient philosophers, he wrote a lengthy monograph named al-Kalimatu'l Mulhima. He strongly refuted those who insult and curse the dear Prophet şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam, his companions, his family, the Mujtahid Imams and the saints. As for the fitna of Qadian, he tore it from the roots by writing 5 monographs against it and was the first scholar to issue a fatwa of Kufr against it. It can easily be seen from his literary masterpieces that he strove against all the prevalent innovations of his era and saved the Muslim ummah from their dangers.

His love for Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alaihi wa Sallam

Many scholars have paid tribute to his sincerity, honesty, piety and to the purity of his heart but the whole world pays tribute to his unfaltering adherence to the Qur'an and Sunnah and his love for Sayyidinā Rasūlullah şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam. Not only his followers; even unbiased opponents of his are witness to the reality of his love. He awakened such an inspiring love for the Prophet şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam that the dwellings of the heart began to shine like mirrors. Every day and night in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, England, Holland, the USA and Africa, his poetic masterpiece is heard thus:

مصطفٰى جانِ رحمت په لاكهوں سلام
شمع بزم هدايت په لاكهوں سلام


Whenever someone returned from Hajj, he would ask them if they had been to visit Sayyidinā Rasūlullah şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam and if they had, he would immediately kiss their feet.

 
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Imām Ahmad Rida and the Scholars of Haramayn

Imām Ahmad Rida was not just a personality revered and accepted by the scholars of the Indian Subcontinent – even the scholars of Haramayn accepted his leadership and his status as the Mujaddid of his era. These are the words of some scholars of Makkah in praise of Imām Ahmad Rida.

Mawlana Muhammad Yusuf al-Afghani al-Makki writes:

 
الذى افتخربوجوده الزمان
He whose existence the era is proud of. [9]

Shaykh Salih Kamal Mufti Hanafiya writes:
 
A sea of merits, the coolness of the eyes of scholars, Mawlana, Muhaqqiq, the blessing of the era, Ahmad Rida Khan al-Baraylwi. May Allah preserve him. [10]

Shaykh Abu'l Khayr Mirdad writes:
 
Indeed he is that 'Allama and Fadil who solves problems with the light of his eyes – his name is Ahmad Rida Khan. [11]

Shaykh Abdur Rahman Dahlan writes:
 
The one on whom the scholars rely; the 'Allama of his time; the unique; for whom the scholars of Makka bear witness that he is the leader; the unmatched; the Imam; my master; my refuge; Hazrat Ahmad Raza Khan Barelwi. May Allah make us and all Muslims benefit from his life and may He give me his mission as his mission is the mission of Rasūlullah şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam. [12]

Shaykh Muhammad Mukhtar bin 'Ata al-Jawi al-Makki writes:
 
Indeed the writer is the leader of the scholars and researchers and all his words are the truth. He is from the miracles of our Prophet sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam and Allah revealed this miracle at the hands of the Imam. [13]

Shaykh Musa Ali Shami al-Azhari Ahmad Darderwi Madani writes:
 
امام الاٮٔمة المجدد لهذه الامه
The Imam of Imams and the Mujaddid of the Muslim ummah. [14]

Shaykh Muhammad Yaseen Ahmad al-Khayari Madani praises him thus:
 
هو امام المحدثين
He is the Imam of the Hadith scholars. [15]

 'Allama Mawlana Tafaddal al-Haq Makki writes:

These answers show that the writer is an 'Alim, 'Allama, Fahhama and he is to the scholars as the eye is to the body. [16]

Due to weakness, Shaykh al-Khutaba, 'Ustad al-'Ulama, 'Allama Mawlana al-Shaykh Ahmad Abu'l Khayr Mirdad was not able to visit Imām Ahmad Rida at the latter's residence. The Shaykh heard al-Dawlah al-Makkiya from cover to cover and when Imām Ahmad Rida was about to leave Makkah, he respectfully touched the feet of the Shaykh. The Shaykh addressed Imām Ahmad Rida and said:

 
انا أقبل أرجلكم انا أقبل نعالكم
I would kiss your feet and I would kiss your shoes. [17]

Shaykh Mirdad also addressed Imām Ahmad Rida as:
 
شيخنا العلامه احمد رضا خاں بريلوى

Shaykh Sayyid Alawi Maliki Makki says:
 
When someone from India comes to Makkah and we want to see if he is Sunni, we simply mention the name of Imām Ahmad Rida before him. If his face lights up with happiness, we know he is a Sunni and if he shows unhappiness at his mention, we know he is something else.

 
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His Demise

The Imam of Ahlus Sunnah, the Mujaddid, Shaykh al-Islam wa'l Muslimīn, Imām Ahmad Rida Khan al-Hanafī al-Qadrī al-Barkatī al-Baraylwī passed away on 25th Safar, 1340 AH, at the age of 65. From beginning to end, this shining star of the Ummah was an embodiment of Sharī'āh. Hence, even on his death bed, he ordained that nothing be done in contravention to the Sunnah. He said:

 
From the food of the Fatiha, nothing should be given to the rich. Only the poor will be fed and that too with utmost respect. No-one will treat the poor badly and nothing will happen that is against the Sunnah. [18]

In the majority of cases, food from the Fatiha is only for the rich and only the poor miss out. Imām Ahmad Rida destroyed this ugly practice which was snatching the rights of the poor and in doing so he revived a dying Sunnah of the dear Prophet şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam.

The benevolence of Allah and His Prophet şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam remained with Imām Ahmad Rida till his demise. He said that my weakness has left me in such a state that I may not even recognise some of my own relatives but all the matters of the Sharī'āh are still with me and I have not forgotten any of them.

May Allah shower abundant blessings on the grave of the great Imam and may He raise us with him on the day of Judgement.

________________________________

[1] Ikram-e-Imam Ahmad Raza, p.59-60, Lahore, 1981
[2] Maqalat-e-Yawm-e-Raza, 'Abdun Nabi Kokab, vol.1, p.41
[3] Tadkirah 'Ulama-e-Hind, Molvi Rahman Ali, Pakistan Historical Society, p.100
[4] Translation from Arabic – al-Ijazat al-Mateena, Mawlana Hamid Rida al-Qadrī al-Baraylwī
[5] Tadkirah 'Ulama-e-Hind, p.16, Lucknow, 1914
[6] Translation from Arabic – Nuzhatu'l Khawatir, vol.8, p.38-39, Da'iratu'l Ma'arif, Hyderabad, 1970
[7] Salla's Suyuf al-Hindiya - Imām Ahmad Rida
[8] Ashaddu'l Adhab, p. 13
[9] Husam al-Haramayn, p.62
[10] Ibid, p.25
[11] Ibid, p.23
[12] Ibid, p.46
[13] al-Dawlah al-Makkiya, p.166
[14] Ibid, p.203
[15] Rasa'il-e-Ridawiyyah, Mawlana Abdul Hakeem Shahjanhanpuri, p.148
[16] Ibid, p.136
[17] al-Malfūdh, vol.1, p.10 - Imām Ahmad Rida
[18] Wisāya Sharīf, written on 28th October, 1921 – Imām Ahmad Rida
 
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Courtesy
Muhammad Aqdas
http://www.aqdas.co.uk

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From:
[Pak-Friends] Group Member
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All members are expected to follow these Simple Rules:
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