Wednesday, 17 July 2013

[PF:172351] Twenty Rak'ats for the Tarawih Prayer

..:: The Tarawih Prayer ::..

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Hadrat Abu Hurairah reported that the Messenger of Allah has said,

من قام رمضان إيمانا واحتسابا غفر له ما تقدم من ذنبه
"…whoever prays during the night in Ramadan sincerely; seeking his reward from Allah, his former sins are forgiven." [Sahih al-Muslim, Vol. 1, Page 259, Hadith 1815]


Hadrat Sa'ib ibn Yazid has stated that,
 

كانوا يقومون على عهد عمر بن الخطاب رضى الله عنه فى شهر رمضان بعشرين ركعة
"We, (the Companions of the Beloved Prophet,) used to pray twenty rak'ats Tarawih prayer in the era of the Caliph 'Umar ibn al-Khattab." [Sunan al-Bayhaqi, Vol. 2, Page 224, Hadith 4801]


It has been stated in Mirqat al-Mafatih:
 

إسناده صحيح
The chain of narration of this Hadith is sound (Sahih). [Mirqat al-Mafatih – Vol. 2, Page 175]


Hadrat Yazid ibn Ruman reports that
 

كان الناس يقومون فى زمان عمر بن الخطاب فى رمضان بثلاث وعشرين ركعة
"...during the time of Hadrat 'Umar ibn al-Khattab, people used to pray 23 Rak'ahs during Ramadan (20 rak'ahs for Tarawih prayer and 3 rak'ats for witr.)" [Muwatta Imam Malik, Vol. 1, Page 115, Hadith 251]


Sayyiduna Ibn Abbas Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu narrates, said that,
 

أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم كان يصلي في رمضان عشرين ركعة سوى الوتر
During the month of Ramadan, aside from the praying of wit'r the beloved Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Aaihi wa Sallam would also pray 20 rak'ahs of Tarawih.


Ibn Abi Shayba, Musannaf, Vol. 2, Page 164, Hadith 7692
At-Tabarani, Mu'jam al-Awsat, Vol. 1, Page 243, Hadith 798
At-Tabarani, Mu'jam al-Awsat, Vol. 5, Page 324, Hadith 5440
At-Tabarani, Mu'jam al-Kabir, Vol. 11, Page 393, Hadith 12102
Al-Bayhaqi, Sunan al-Kubra, Vol. 2, Page 496, Hadith 4391
Abd bin Hamid, Musnad, Vol. 1, Page 218, Hadith 653
Khatib al-Baghdadi, Tarikh, Vol. 6, Page 113
Al-Haytami, Majma' az-Zawaid, Vol. 3, Page 172
Ibn Abd-al Barr, al-Tamhid, Vol. 8, Page 115
Al-Asqalani, Fath al-Bari, Vol. 4, Page 254, Hadith 1908
Al-Asqalani, al-Diraya, Vol. 1, Page 203, Hadith 257
As-Suyooti, Tanwir al-Hawaliq, Vol. 1, Page 108, Hadith 263
Zahbi, Mizan al-Ae'tidal, Vol. 1, Page 170
Al-San'ani, Subul Islam, Vol. 2, Page 10
Al-Mizzi, Tahzib al-Kamal, Vol. 2, Page 149
Al-Zela'i, Nasb al-Rayah, Vol. 2, Page 153
Zurqani, Sharh Alal Muwatta, Vol. 1, Page 342


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The consensus ( Ijma') of the Companions


A companion of Sayyiduna Ali Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu, Sayyiduna Shutayr bin Shakil narrates that,
 

During the month of Ramadan Sayyiduna Ali would read 20 rak'ahs of Tarawih and 3 wit'r.


Ibn Abi Shayba, Musannaf, Vol. 2, Page 163, Hadith 7680
Al-Bayhaqi, Sunan al-Kubra, Vol. 2, Page 496, Hadith 4395

Sayyiduna Abu Abd-ar Rahman Sulami Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu said,
 

In the month of Ramadan, Sayyiduna Ali Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu sent for all the Qur'anic recitors, and instructed one of them to lead 20 rak'ahs Tarawih, and Sayyiduna Ali himself would lead the wit'r prayer. [Al-Bayhaqi, Sunan al-Kubra, Vol. 2, Page 496, Hadith 4396]


It is narrated that,
 

Sayyiduna Ali Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu ordered a person to lead the Muslims in the prayer of 20 rak'ahs of Tarawih, and this was aside from the wit'r. [Ibn Abd-al Barr, al-Tamhid, Vol. 8, Page 115]


Sayyiduna Yahya bin Sa'id Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu said that,
 

Sayyiduna Umar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu ordered an individual that he lead them in the prayer of 20 rak'ahs of Tarawih. [Ibn Abi Shayba, Musannaf, Vol. 2, Page 163, Hadith 7682]


Sayyiduna Naf'i bin Umar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu states that,
 

Ibn Abi Malkiya would lead us in the prayer of 20 rak'ahs of Tarawih in the month of Ramadan. [Ibn Abi Shayba, Musannaf, Vol. 2, Page 163, Hadith 7683]


Sayyiduna Abd-al Aziz bin Rafi' Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu states that,
 

Sayyiduna Abi Bin Ka'ab Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu would lead the people of Madinah al-Munawwarah during the month of Ramadan in the praying of 20 rak'ahs of Tarawih and 3 wit'r. [Ibn Abi Shayba, Musannaf, Vol. 2, Page 163, Hadith 7684]

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Sayyiduna Hata' Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu states that,
 

I have observed worshippers praying 23 rak'ahs of Tarawih comprising of the wit'r. [Ibn Abi Shayba, Musannaf, Vol. 2, Page 163, Hadith 7688]


Malik al-'Ulama Hadrat 'Allama 'Ala al-Din Abubakr ibn Mas'ud al-Kasani states:
 

It has been narrated that Hadrat 'Umar al-Faruq assembled all the companions in the month of Ramadan to perform Tarawih behind Hadrat Ubayy ibn Ka'b. so, he (Hadrat Ubayy ibn Ka'b) lead them in the Tarawih prayer performing twenty (20) Rak'ats every night. No one from them ever refuted or disapproved of this. Thus, the Ijma' (consensus) of all the companions was on performing twenty rak'ats for the Tarawih prayer. [Bada'i al-Sana'i – Vol. 1, Page 288]


Imam Badr al-Din al-'Aini states in his renowned commentary on Sahih al-Bukhari entitled, "Umdat al-Qari":
 

'Allama ibn 'Abd al-Barr has states that it is the ruling of the majority of the scholars that tarawih is twenty Rak'ats. The scholars and jurists of Kufa, Imam al-Shafi'i and the majority of the Fuqaha have stated this, and this is the sound opinion as transmitted from Hadrat Ubayy ibn Ka'b that no companion had a difference of opinion in it. ['Umdatul Qari – Vol. 5, Page 355]


Shaykh al-Islam, al-Imam al-Hafiz ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani states:
 

It is the Ijma' of the companions upon the fact that the Tarawih prayers consists of twenty rak'ats.


It has been stated in Maraqiy al-Falah the commentary of Nur al-Idah that:
 

Tarawih is twenty rak'ats, as the Ijma' of the companions is upon this.


'Allama 'Abd al-Hayy Faranghi Mahalli states:
 

It has been proven that the companions used to perform tarawih twenty rak'ats in the blessed eras of Hadrat 'Umar, Hadrat 'Uthman, Hadrat 'Ali and all those who came after them. Such reports have been transmitted by Imam Malik, ibn Sa'd, Imam Baihaqi and others. ['Umdah al-Ri'ayah hashiyah Sharh al-Waqayah – Vol. 1, Page 175]


Imam Mulla 'Ali al-Qari states:
 

The companions all agree (it is their consensus) upon the fact that Tarawih is twenty rak'ats. [Mirqat al-Mafatih – Vol. 2, Page 175]

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The ruling of the Majority


Imam Tirmidhi states:
 

The majority of the scholars practice what has been transmitted from Hadrat 'Umar Faruq, Hadrat 'Ali and the other companions that Tarawih is twenty rak'ats. Imam Sufiyan al-Thawri, Imam 'Abdullah ibn Mubarak and Imam al-Shafi'i have stated the same (that Tarawih is twenty rak'ats). Imam Shafi'i has stated that we have found the residents of our city Makkah al-Mukarramah performing twenty rak'ats for the Tarawih prayer. [Tirmidhi – Chapter on worshipping the nights of Ramadan – Page 99]


Imam Mulla 'Ali al-Qari has stated:
 

It is the conformity of all the muslims upon the twenty rak'ats for Tarawih. This is because Imam Baihaqi narrates with a sound chain of transmission that in the blessed era of Hadrat 'Umar, Hadrat 'Uthman and Hadrat 'Ali, the companions and all those who followed them (Tabi'un) performed twenty rak'ats for the Tarawih prayer. [Babu Fath al-'Inayah Sharh al-Nuqayah]


It has been stated in the commentary of Tahtawi on Maraqiy al-Falah that:
 

By the continuous practice of Hadrat Abubakr al-Siddiq and the other Rightly-Guided Caliphs, it has been proven that Tarawih is twenty rak'ats. [Page 224]


'Allama ibn 'Abidin al-Shami states:
 

Tarawih is twenty rak'ats; this is the ruling of the majority of the scholars and the common practice of all Muslims from east till west. [Radd al-Muhtar – Vol. 1, Page 195]


Shaykh Zain al-Din ibn Nujaim al-Misri states:
 

Twenty rak'ats Tarawih is the ruling of the majority of the scholars. This is because it has been reported in the Muwatta of Imam Malik on the authority of Hadrat Yazid ibn Ruman that in the blessed era of Hadrat 'Umar al-Faruq the companions used to perform twenty-three rak'ats (twenty rak'ats for Tarawih and three rak'ats for the Witr.) [al-Bahr al-Ra'iq – Vol. 2, Page 66]


Imam Ali Qari al-Hanafi (d. 1014 AH), He said in Sharh al-Naqayah:
 

"Imam Bayhaqi has reported on genuine authority (sahih) about the performance of 20 rak'ahs of Tarawih during the periods of Umar, Uthman and Ali Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhum, and hence there has been consensus (Ijma') on it."

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It has been stated in al-'Inayah the commentary of al-Hidayah that:
 

Until the beginning of the Khilafah (reign) of Hadrat 'Umar al-Faruq, the companions used to perform the Tarawih individually. Thereafter, Hadrat 'Umar stated that, "I find it better to assemble all the companions (to perform the Tarawih) behind one Imam." Thus, he assembled all the companions to perform the Tarawih with congregation behind Hadrat Ubayy ibn Ka'b. Hadrat Ubayy lead them in the Tarawih performing 5 sets of four-rak'ats (tarwiha) i.e. performed twenty rak'ats.


In al-Kifayah it states:
 

Tarawih is twenty rak'ats in total. This is our (Hanafi) ruling and that of the school of Imam al-Shafi'i.


In Bada'i al-Sana'i it has been stated:
 

The number of rak'ats for the Tarawih prayer is twenty; five tarweha with one salam; every two salams is a tarweha (i.e. one salaam made after every 2 rak'ats. Therefore, two salaams means after four rak'ats). This is the ruling of the scholars in general. [Vol. 1, Page 288]


Imam al-Ghazzali states:
 

Tarawih is twenty rak'ats. [Ihya 'Ulum al-Din – Vol. 1, Page 201]


In Sharh al-Waqaya it has been stated:
 

Twenty rak'ats for the Tarawih is the Sunnah. [Vol. 1, Page 175]


In Fatawa 'Alamgiri (also known as "al-Fatawa al-Hindiyyah") it states:
 

Tarawih consists of five Tarweha; each tarweha is four rak'ats with two salaams (made at the end of two rak'ats). This has also been stated in al-Sirajiyyah. [Vol. 1. Page 108]


Shah Waliyullah Muhaddith-e-Dehlwi states:
 

The number of rak'ats for the Tarawih is twenty. [Hujjatullahil Baligha – Vol. 2, Page 18]

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Wisdom behind twenty rak'ats for Tarawih


The wisdom behind it is that in total there are twenty rak'ats Fard and Wajib throughout the day and night; 17 rak'ats are fard and 3 rak'ats are Wajib. Tarawih is twenty Rak'ats so that in the month of Ramadan the status of these twenty rak'ats Fard and Wajib are elevated and so that the Tarawih prayer takes these twenty rak'ats to perfection. [al-Bahr al-Ra'iq Vol. 2 Page 67 – Tahtawi commentary on Maraqiy al-Falah – Radd al-Muhtar Vol. 1 Page 495 – al-Nahr al-Fa'iq]


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— — —
Extracted From
Anwaar al-Hadith, Chapter 3 - The Book of Salaah
by Hadrat Allama Mufti Jalal al-Din Qadiri al-Amjadi
English Translation: Mawlana Kalim al-Qadiri [Bolton – U.K.]

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ورشة عمل : تقييم كفاءة الأداء الإدارى والمالى فى المؤسسات (اسطنبول– تركيا) من 10 إلي 19 / 9 / 2013

الدار العربية للتنمية الإدارية

ورشة عمل

تقييم كفاءة الأداء الإداري والمالي في المؤسسات

بإعتماد: معهد المدراء المحترفين IPM

Institute of Professional Managers

اسطنبول – تركيا

خلال الفترة من 10 إلي 19 سبتمبر 2013

 

بهدف تقييم كفاءة الأداء الإداري والمالي في المؤسسات تُعقد هذه الفعالية والتي تهدف إلى التعرف على: نموذج تقييم الأداء المتوازن، اعتبارات النظام المتكامل لقياس وتقييم الأداء، مفهوم نموذج تقييم الأداء المتوازن، وأيضاً التدريب على خطوات تطبيق نموذج الأداء المتوازن، كما تعرض إلى المنظورات الأربعة للمنظومة المتكاملة لتقييم الأداء وكيفية الربط بين نموذج الأداء المتوازن والاستراتيجية، وكذا مفهوم التوازن الذى ينطوى عليه نموذج الأداء المتوازن، الشكل العام لنموذج الأداء المتوازن، خصائص النموذج الجيد للأداء المتوازن، القواعد الأساسية لتنفيذ نموذج الأداء المتوازن، دراسة الموازنات كأداة للتخطيط والرقابة، كيفية تفعيل نموذج الأداء المتوازن للربط بين الاستراتيجيـة والموازنة، كيفية تقييم نموذج الأداء المتوازن.

مستهدفين في ذلك: مديري الإدارات ورؤساء الأقسام والوحدات الإدارية والموازنة والتخطيط والمتابعة والتقييم والرقابة والمالية والمحاسبة والعاملين بها بالوزارات والهيئات والمؤسسات والمصالح والمجالس والمنظمات، ودواوين الرقابة والمالية والمحاسبة والأجهزة الرقابية.

وبهذه المناسبة يسعدنا دعوتكم للمشاركة بورقة عمل أو الحضور والمناقشة وتعميم خطابنا على المهتمين بموضوع البرنامج وإفادتنا بمن تقترحون توجيه الدعوة لهم علما بأن رسوم الاشتراك 2000 دولار أمريكي

                                لمزيد من المعلومات يمكنكم التواصل مع

مدير التدريب

ريهان سالم

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هاتف 0020237800583 - 0020237800693   فاكس 0020237800573 - 0020235866323

البريد الإلكترونى   Rsalem@Arabhous.org  الموقع الإلكترونى Arabhous.org

                                                                                             

 

 

 

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{Kantakji Group}. Add '11981' معايير الاستثمار الإسلامي بين النظرية والتطبيق


 
 

معايير الاستثمار الإسلامي بين النظرية والتطبيق
نموذج مقترح باستخدام أسلوب
FAHP
إعداد
دكتور/ عزالدين فكرى تهامى
أستاذ ورئيس قسم المحاسبة

Fwd: A Great Gift Jannat mairee manzil by Mohammad Kabir Butt _High Quality Video

 THE NAME OF "ALLAH"
Assalamu'alaikum Wa Rahmatullah e Wa Barakatuhu,

A Great Gift Jannat mairee manzil by Mohammad Kabir Butt _High Quality Video

 


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Thanks & Best regards,
 
Imran Ilyas
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****People oppose things because they are ignorant of them****

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{Kantakji Group}. Add '11980' NCB Saudi Economic Review - July 2013

FYI

Nawaf Y. Husein

Faculty Member
 Msc, CRP , CLBB
 Saudi Training Society Member


 Institute of Banking
 Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency ( SAMA)
  P.O.Box : 10820   Riyadh 11443 Saudi Arabia
 Tel : + 966 1 463 3000   Ext. 3825
  Fax: + 966 1 466 2368
  Mobile : + 966 55 48 44 828
  http://www.linkedin.com/pub/nawaf-abu-hejleh/28/342/64a
  SKYPE : abuhejleh2 


 

 

Dear Readers,

 

Please find attached our monthly NCB Saudi Economic Review.

 

Executive Summary

 

·         OPEC production edged down in June for the first time in five months, as supply disruptions in Libya, and Nigeria more than offset the increase of production by Saudi Arabia.

 

·         Investors rushed to park their assets in the dollar, awaiting uncertainty to clear off,  allowing the USD to score large gains against its peers after it was weakened earlier by investors leaving to avoid large volatility and event risk.

 

·         China and India are the largest consumers of gold. Therefore, the curbs over India's gold imports and China's cooling economy play major culprits, beside the Fed's announcement effect, in falling gold prices.

 

·         Coupled with the rise of the local stock market and global economic turmoil, which kept interest rates at all-time lows, we expect time and savings deposits' growth to remain sluggish throughout this year.

 

·         Weaker investor appetite can be attributed to the summer vacation as a large part of traders reap their investment gains and turn to consumer spending locally and internationally. In addition, the start of the Holy month of Ramadan is likely to have limited activity in the market.

 

·         Growth in the depositary base continues to provide opportunities to expand the financing capabilities of the banking system as total deposits reached SAR1.3 trillion during May.

 

·         External trade of non-oil goods for the month of May resulted in an increase in returns from exports by 5.9% Y/Y, amounting a total of SAR16 billion. 

 

 

Best regards,